Rajasthan is the richest state in the country with regards to marble deposits both in quality and quantity. The state is most important centre (Mandi) of marble processing in the country with about 95% of the total processing units. Rajasthan possesses large reserves of about 1100 million tonnes (M.T) of good quality marble.
Rajasthan has the distinction of having the best among Indian resources of good quality marble. Out of 32 districts, 18 districts have marble in one or the other form. The important regions of marble occurrences in Rajasthan are:
Table – 1 :
Important Deposits of Marble in Rajasthan
|S.No.||Name of deposit||District|
|1||Agaria, Amet, Kelwa, Morwad, Dharmeta, Kotri, ParvatiKoyal, Morchana, Arana,Vani,Talai,Umti,Jhanjer ,thodi nijharana.||Rajsamand|
|2||Makrana, Borawad (White), Chosira Dwagri (Pink), Kumari , Dungri,Ulodi,etc.||Nagaur|
|3||Kesariaji (Rikhabdeo), Odwas,Babarmal,Tidi,Jaspura,Paduna Darauli,Devimata(Pink),Masaron ki obri,(green),Modi chipala(white), Kela Kuan(black),Lohagarh,Sarvadi,Manpur.||Rajnagar|
|4||Tripura Sundari-Talai-Odabagi-Bhimkund- Vithaldev, Prithvipura, Paloda, Kotharia,Khema-talaji.||Banswara|
|5||Andhi, Bhainslana, Todi-ka-Bas,Raisala,Kotputli,Nimla.||Jaipur|
|6||Jhiri, Sariska, Rajgarh, Badampur, Moti-Dungri, Dadhikar,Kho,Baldegarh,Malana,Goverdhanpura.||Alwar|
|8||Jahazpur,Manoharpur, Asind, Banera, Shahpura Kanti,Sarankhera,Munjras,Panchanpura,Malola,Pansel.||Bhilwara|
|13||Sabla, Nandli-dad, Peeth, Manpur, Dachki,Rohanwara,Mal-surata.||Dungarpur|
|15||Pachori Chadi, Moriya Munjasar, etc.||Jodhpur|
|16||Bar-Sendra Sarangwa, Sevari, Kundal,DIyana,Khiwandi,Kantatiya,Dujara.||Pali|
|17||Dunkar, Bidasar, Dujara.||Churu|
|18||Mooisagar, Amarsagar, Habur, Naripa,Sipla,Jethwai,Badabag.||Jaisalmer|
The marbles of Rajasthan are in various colours and shades. The Makrana area is famous for pure white crystalline marble. Other varieties found in Makrana area are Albeta, Adanga, Dongri , Pink, etc.
The marble from Rajsamand area is mined extensively. It is off-white and greyish-white. The internationally acclaimed variety of green marble comes from Rikhabdeo-Kesariaji area, 60 km away from Udaipur. The green marble has various shades of green with white and black network and patches.
The marble from Babarmal is pink and is marketed as Indian Pink. It is a fine-grained hard marble having black and white bands. The marble from Bhilwara is white to off-white, fine to medium-grained hard marble having black and white bands.
The marble from Banswara is white to off-white dolomitic marble and is soft. It is used generally for cladding purpose.The white to greyish-white marbles of Jaipur area are being sold under the trade name Andhi Pista, a white marble having green laths of serpentine; onyx; Indo-Italian and Black Marble. The Bhainslana marble is dark-black.
Rajasthan alone accounted for 94% output value followed by Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh. Production value was less than 1% in Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir and Jharkhand.